Nitrous acid (HNO2) comes in the form of nitrite salts, it is a weak and monobasic acid.
It is used to make diazides from amines. A diazide is an organic compound that has two linked nitrogen compounds.
This compound is not mutagenic itself but becomes mutagenic when metabolized. It causes oxidative deamination of particular
bases, altering some base pairs of our DNA.
It deaminates amino groups attached to nucleic acid bases, they've also caused mutations in bacteria, viruses, yeasts
Nitrous acid rapidly decomposes into nitrogen dioxide, nitric oxide, and water when in solution.
2HNO2 ---> NO2 + NO + H2O
It also decomposes into nitric acid and nitrous oxide and water.
4HNO2 ---> 2HNO3 + N2O + H2O
Effects on Humans
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